OceanExpert ID : 5459

China Meteorological Administration


Zhongguancunnandajie Street No. 46
Haidian District
Beijing, 100081




(86 10)




The China Meteorological Administration (CMA) has been a public service agency, which is directly affiliated to the State Council of the People’s Republic of China. At the time of its establishment in December 1949, it was the Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau - the predecessor of CMA. Since 1994 when CMA was transformed from a subordinate governmental body into one of the public service agencies under the State Council, with the authorization by the State Council, CMA has been responsible for organizational and operational management of the national meteorological services as a whole. Under CMA’s unified directives, all meteorological establishments within CMA framework follow the administrative system of hierarchical management and the dual leaderships performed by both CMA and local governments with the former as the core. By pursuing the concepts of “public meteorology, security-oriented meteorology and natural resource-oriented meteorology”, and by adhering to objectives of “taking the people as our fundamental interests, being thoughtful, considerate and ready for serving any customers anywhere at any time”, the meteorological services in China, which are based on sciences and technologies, fall into a category of basic public welfare services. Since the Meteorological Law of the People’s Republic of China came into force as from 1 January 2000, the other legal or regulatory instruments have been promulgated for implementations, including the Regulations for Weather Modification Management, the Rules for Protection of Meteorological Observation Conditions and Facilities, the Rules for Lightning Disaster Prevention and Reduction Management, and the Rules for Balloon-release Management, etc.

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Last Updated: 2022-06-07 by Sofie de Baenst